Protest or civil disobedience involving the use of computer technologies. Cyberattacks aimed at popularizing socially oriented ideas are classified as hacktivism. Unlike ordinary hackers, hacktivists adhere to certain ethical principles. Attacks should not disable computer systems, violate people’s right to access information, or spread fear and hatred. Yet hacktivists do belong to any formal organizations or associations. Groups that identify themselves with this movement operate independently, each with its own interpretation of what constitutes acceptable behavior.